Scientific Sessions

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Session 1: Novel Stem Cell Technologies

Novel Stem Cell Technology leads to better spinal cord repair Researchers believe they have identified a new way, using an advance in stem-cell technology, to promote recovery after spinal cord injury of rats, according to a study published in today’s Journal of Biology. Scientists from the New York State Center of Research Excellence in Spinal Cord Injury showed that rats receiving a transplant of a certain type of immature support cell from the central nervous system generated from stem cells had more than 60 percent of their sensory nerve fibers regenerate. Just as importantly, the study showed that more than two-thirds of the nerve fibers grew all the way through the injury sites eight days later, a result that is much more promising than previous research. The rats that received the cell transplants also walked normally in two weeks. This session discusses more about novel stem cell technologies. 

Session 2: Genetics and Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering has been applied in numerous fields including research, medicine, industrial biotechnology and agriculture. In research GMOs are used to study gene function and expression through loss of function, gain of function, tracking and expression experiments. By knocking out genes responsible for certain conditions it is possible to create animal model organisms of human diseases. As well as producing hormones, vaccines and other drugs genetic engineering has the potential to cure genetic diseases through gene therapy. The same techniques that are used to produce drugs can also have industrial applications such as producing enzymes for laundry detergent, cheeses and other products. This session discusses more about Genetics and Genetic Engineering.

Session 3: Biochemistry

Biochemistry is the branch of science that explores the chemical processes within and related to living organisms. It is a laboratory based science that brings together biology and chemistry. By using chemical knowledge and techniques, biochemists can understand and solve biological problems. Biochemistry emphasizes on the study of chemical processes occurring in the living organisms. It is the branch of science that helps to explore the various chemical processes occurring within and related to the living matter and studies these mechanisms by using chemical knowledge and techniques to understand and solve biological problems. Biochemistry deals with the structures, functions and interactions of biological macromolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids, which provide the structure of cells and perform many of the functions associated with life. This session discusses more about biochemistry.

Session 4: Stem Cell transplants for Cancer treatments

In a typical stem cell transplant for cancer terribly high doses of chemo are used, sometimes in conjunction with radiotherapy to undertake to kill all the cancer cells. This treatment additionally kills the stem cells within the bone marrow. Soon after treatment, stem cells are given to exchange those that were destroyed. These stem cells are given into a vein, very similar to a blood transfusion. Over time they settle within the bone marrow and start to grow and create healthy blood cells. This process is called engraftment.

There are 2 main types of transplants. They are named based on source of the stem cells.

Autologous: The stem cells from individual who get the transplant.

Allogeneic: The stem cells come from a match connected or unrelated donor.

Session 5: Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. Nanotechnology is an excellent future prospect for biomaterial and nanotechnology in the field of medicine. Nanomedicine “the application of nanotechnology to health” showed an exponential growth for the last two decades.  In now day’s nanoparticles are showing a great interest because of their unique optical, magnetic, electrical, and other properties emerge.Nanotechnology is mostly used for regeneration practices and cancer treatment.

Session 6: Gene Therapy

Gene therapy is an experimental technique that uses genes to treat or stop disease. In the future, this method might permit doctors to treat a disorder by inserting a sequence into a patient’s cells rather than using medication or surgery. Researchers are testing many approaches to gene therapy, including:

·         Replacing a mutated gene that causes illness with a healthy copy of the sequence.

·         Inactivating, or “knocking out,” a mutated sequence that's functioning improperly.

·         Introducing a replacement gene into the body to assist fight a disease.

There are 2 differing kinds of gene therapy looking on that sorts of cells are treated:

Somatic gene therapy: Transfer of a section of DNA to any cell of the body that doesn’t turn out spermatozoon or eggs. Effects of gene therapy won't be passed onto the patient’s youngsters.

Germ line gene therapy: Transfer of a section of DNA to cells that turn out eggs or spermatozoon. Effects of gene therapy are going to be passed onto the patient’s youngsters and future generations

Session 7: Bioinformatics and computational Biology

Bioinformatics and computational science are relevant orders enabling computational techniques to break down instinctive information and create calculations and scientific strategies by learning from different orders like software engineering, material science & measurements. This field is picking up significance in different research fields like Neural Networks. Subfields identified with this theme are computational pharmacology, computational immunology, computational disease science, computational neuroscience, and so forth this field is picking up significance in different research fields like Neural Networks. Subfields identified with this theme are computational immunology, computational pharmacology, computational neuroscience, computational disease science and so forth

Session 8: Treatment of Diseases by Stem Cell Therapeutics

Stem Cell therapy is aimed at treating numerous degenerative, hematopoietic and neuromuscular disorders, nearly 80 in number which cannot be treated with conventional methods. Bone marrow transplantation for blood disorders like, leukemia is the most celebrated application of stem cell therapy, other than skin tissue grafting and implantation. This new approach in medical biology is inclined at maximizing the quality of life by reducing the adversities of chronic disorders such as cancer and genetic diseases.

Session 9: Stem Cell In Neurological Disorders

Stem cell medical care has emerged as a promising treatment for varied neurologic disorders. One such application has been recognized in stroke, a debilitative health burden that affects many thousands of people worldwide. Several patients would greatly take pleasure in the event of novel treatments for stroke with wider therapeutic windows than this restricted treatment, TPA (tissue plasmin activator). Cell medical care for medical specialty disorders suggests that the utilization of cells of neural or non-neural origin to interchange, repair, or enhance the operate of the broken systema nervosum. Varied technologies square measure concerned within the development of cell therapies. These embrace the utilization of stem cells and genetic modification of cells. Many styles of cells are transplanted into the systema nervosum for the treatment of medical specialty disorders.

Session 10: Stem Cell in Cardiovascular Disorder

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) includes hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke and congestive heart failure. Most of these disorders occurred by less oxygen supply to heart cells / Cardiomyocytes which damaged as being supplied by less oxygen as well as less blood which can be treated by stem cell therapy by inducing some bone-marrow derived mononuclear cells, umbilical cord blood cells, Mesenchymal stem cells or Cardiac stem cells in to the damaged portion of heart . These cells integrated in to heart and secrete certain proteins and paracrine factors that repair of the damaged area by cardiac tissue Regeneration

Session 11: Gene Editing

Genome reduction is the deliberate alteration of a specific polymer sequence in an exceedingly living cell. A strand of a polymer is cut at a particular purpose and naturally existing cellular repair mechanisms, then fix the broken polymer strands. The manner they're repaired will associate effect on factor operate and new polymer sequences are often delivered once the polymer is cut and act as templates for generating an altered sequence. Ordination piece of writing techniques is often wont to delete sections of polymer or alter however a factor functions: for instance, by ever-changing a variant which will make to malady to at least one that functions unremarkably.

Session 12: Biomarkers

Biomarkers still become progressively relevant in analysis and care applications, as proven by the worldwide marketplace for the product concerned in their identification, validation, and use calculable at $8.3 billion in 2007 and projected to extend to $15 billion in 2010. The fast pace of activity during this space is any underlined by a careless review of the publication house, wherever the quantity of relevant scientific articles generated annually has doubled from 20,000 to 40,000 over the past decade. AACR, in partnership with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and National Cancer Institute (NCI), shaped the AACR-FDA-NCI Cancer Biomarkers cooperative (CBC) to accelerate the interpretation of cancer medicine into the clinic by shaping the processes for the effective development of valid biomarkers and their use in clinical trials for optimum patient profit.

Session 13: Pharmacogenomics

Pharmacogenomics is the study of the function of genetic science in drug response. A computational advance in Pharmacogenomics has proved to be a blessing in studies. A  large number of studies within the biomedical sciences relating to Pharmacogenomics as of late stems from combinatorial chemistry, genomic mining, technologies, and high throughput screening. So as for the sector to grow rich data businesses and business have to work more closely together and adopt simulation techniques.

Session 14: Proteomics

Proteomics can be defined as broad scale examination of proteomes. A protein could be a course of arrangement of proteins created during a living being, structure, or regular setting. Which could be tend to apply. For example, the protein of a creature composes (for example, Homo sapiens) or an organ (for example, the liver). The protein is not relentless; it fluctuates from cell to cell and changes when your time. To some extent, the protein reflects the key transcriptome. Regardless, macromolecule activity (regularly reviewed by the reaction rate of the systems during which the macromolecule is incorporated) is equally modified by varied parts despite the verbalisation level of the suitable quality.

Session 15: Nutrigenetics

Nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics are defined as the science of the effect of genetic variation on dietary response and the role of nutrients and bioactive food compounds in gene expression, respectively. Exploitation of this genomic information along with high-throughput ‘omic’ technologies allows the acquisition of new knowledge aimed at obtaining a better understanding of nutrient-gene interactions depending on the genotype with the ultimate goal of developing personalized nutrition strategies for optimal health and disease prevention. There are three central factors that underpin nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics as an important science. First, there is great diversity in the inherited genome between ethnic groups and individuals which affects nutrient bioavailability and metabolism. Second, people differ greatly in their food/nutrient availability and choices depending on cultural, economic, geographical and taste perception differences. Third malnutrition itself can affect gene expression and genome stability; the latter leading to mutations at the gene sequence or chromosomal level which may cause abnormal gene dosage and gene expression leading to adverse phenotypes during the various life stages

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